Poiret, Paul

(1879-1944)
   Born in Paris to a cloth merchant, Poiret was educated at a Catholic lycée. He apprenticed to an umbrella maker and sold sketches to couturière Mme. Chéruit before landing a job in 1896 working for Jacques Doucet, a leading couturier at the time. His designs were quite successful and he was soon promoted. In 1900, he entered the military and a year later went to work for the famous haute couture house Worth, designing the casual line and not the glamorous evening clothes. This experience would be the inspiration for revolutionizing the way he thought women really wanted to be dressed. In 1903, Poiret opened his own couture house and, in 1906, married Denise Boulet, daughter of a textile manufacturer; she would eventually become his muse.
   Poiret is credited as being the first designer to do away with the corset and petticoat and pioneered the move away from the hourglass silhouette, in favor of the highwaisted column. Poiret was also the first to bring the art and fashion worlds together, often in collaboration with prominent artists of his time, including Georges Barbier, Raoul Duffy, Erté, Paul Iribe, and Georges Lepage. Together, they created inventive fashion albums depicting Poiret's collections such as Les Robes de Paul Poiret, Les Choses de Paul Poiret, and other collaborations.
   His famous jupe-culottes (tunic over harem pants) paved the way for it to be socially acceptable for women to wear trousers. Another first from Poiret was his perfume Rosine, launched in 1911 and named after his daughter. Designers such as Coco Chanel, the Cal-lot Sisters, and Jean Patou later followed suit. Also in 1911, Poiret opened a school in Paris called Martine, dedicated to the decorative arts. In 1912, he opened a Martine store where student work was sold, such as wallpaper, textiles, rugs, and china. Just as his contemporaries had their own signature flower (Dior had the lily-of-the-valley, and Chanel had the camellia), Poiret had Paul Iribe design his signature rose label. During the war, Poiret worked as a military tailor and relaunched his business in 1919 when the war ended. He continued up until 1929, but then sold the business and lost the rights to the name in the process. In 1931, he made an unsuccessful comeback in the couture, but closed in 1932 to write an autobiography, King of Fashion.

Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry. .

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  • Poiret, Paul — born April 20, 1879, Paris, Fr. died April 30, 1944, Paris French fashion designer. After working in the Parisian fashion house of Charles Frederick Worth, he opened his own shop in 1902. In 1908 he revived the Empire style, popular in France… …   Universalium

  • Poiret, Paul — (20 abr. 1879, París, Francia–30 abr. 1944, París). Diseñador de modas francés. Después de trabajar en la casa de modas parisina de Charles Frederick Worth, abrió su propia tienda en 1902. En 1908 revivió el estilo imperio, popular en Francia… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • POIRET (P.) — POIRET PAUL (1879 1944) Grand rénovateur de la mode, et de la conception même du rôle de couturier, Paul Poiret a connu une carrière contrastée. Au cours de sa formation au rayon des manteaux et des costumes tailleurs chez le grand couturier… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Poiret — may refer to several people:*Jean Poiret, author of La Cage aux Folles *Jean Louis Marie Poiret, French botanist *Jean Louis Georges Poiret *Paul Poiret, fashion designer …   Wikipedia

  • poiret — (Paul) (1879 1944) couturier et décorateur français. poiret [pwaʀɛ] n. m. ÉTYM. D. i.; de poire. ❖ ♦ Confiserie faite de pâte, de jus de pomme et de poire …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Paul Poiret — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Poiret. Paul Poiret Paul Poiret, né à Paris le 20 avril 1879 et mort à Paris le 28 avril …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paul — /pawl/ for 1 3, 5; /powl/ for 4, n. 1. Saint, died A.D. c67, a missionary and apostle to the gentiles: author of several of the Epistles. Cf. Saul (def. 2). 2. Alice, 1885 1977, U.S. women s rights activist. 3. Elliot (Harold), 1891 1958, U.S …   Universalium

  • paúl — I (Del lat. vulgar padule < lat. palus, paludis , pantano.) ► sustantivo masculino Terreno pantanoso cubierto de hierba. SINÓNIMO paular II (De san Vicente de Paúl.) ► adjetivo/ sustantivo masculino RELIGIÓN Se aplica al clérigo que es miembro …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Paul Poiret — (20 April 1879, Paris, France 30 April 1944, Paris) was a French fashion designer. His contributions to twentieth century fashion have been likened to Picasso s contributions to twentieth century art.Bowles, Hamish. Fashioning the Century. Vogue… …   Wikipedia

  • Paul Poiret — Paul Poiret, 1913 Paul Poiret (* 20. April 1879 in Paris; † 28. April 1944 ebenda) war ein französischer Modeschöpfer. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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